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Below Stairs

Domestic Service Remembered in Dublin and Beyond, 1880-1922

By: Mona Hearn

Publication Date: November 1999


Below Stairs: Domestic Service Remembered in Dublin and Beyond, 1880-1922 by Mona Hearn


A hundred years ago sevants underpinned middle- and upper-class life in Ireland, and domestic service was the major source of employment for women before social conditions changed utterly after the First World War and labour-saving appliances took their place. Two generations on, the domestic servant is an almost extinct species. This book examines an area of life which has never been adequately reflected in Irish literature, labour or social history.

The author of this pioneering study bases her work upon interview sources, government reports, royal commissions and census returns, as well as household accounts, inventories, family papers, contemporary newspapers, diaries and reminiscences. She discloses and interprets the little-known world of life below, and occasionally above, stairs: the conditions and lifestyles of its inhabitants; their recruitment, training and duties; the wages paid, clothes worn and food eaten; the freedoms conceded, the privations endured.

Below Stairs, Domestic Service Remembered in Dublin and Beyond, 1880-1922, affords unique views of the lives of the ordinary and extraordinary, of rulers and the ruled. It prepares the ground for interpretations of a forgotten age.


MONA HEARN is retired Head of the Home and Social Science School at Cathal Brugha Street, now part of the Dublin Institute of Technology. She is co-author (with Mora Murnaghan) of Cooking for All (1966).

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Dimensions 230 mm
Publication Date

November 1999


Paperback, 150pp